May 8, 2020   |   by admin

When you georeference your raster dataset, you define its location using dataset that you want to align with your projected data in ArcMap. The general steps for georeferencing a raster dataset are: Add the raster dataset that aligns with the projected data. – Add control points that link known raster. This tutorial will explain how to georeference a raster image in ArcGIS so it can then be used as an overlay or for digitizing purposes. In this example, a historic.

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You can manually shift the source layer, or you can type an x,y value in the measurement text box. If you navigate the data view, the Image Viewer will show the same extent.

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In these cases you will need to use accurate location data to align or georeference your raster data to a map coordinate system. When the general formula is derived and applied to the control point, a measure of the residual error is returned. Updates the display with the current transformation.

Is This Content Helpful? If the georefetence dataset is a raw image, such as BMP, and the transformation is affine, it will be written to a world file. The toolbar has a collection of drop-down items and interactive tools. The control points are not deleted. If you want to zoom in farther, you can click this tool multiple times. It is optimized for global accuracy but does not georeferenec local accuracy. It may be a good idea to create a few control points, then choose the one that looks the most accurate.

Modern satellite images and aerial cameras tend to have relatively accurate location information, but might need slight adjustments to georeferrnce up all georfeerence GIS data. Add control points geordference the button with two crosses connected by a line: Zoom in close on the control point site to maximize your precision. When working with two raster datasets, open the Effects toolbar and adjust the transparency or turn layers on and off in the table of contents to view each image as links are added.


Permanently transform the raster by using the Rectify command on the georeferencing toolbar. Fundamentals georeferennce georeferencing a raster dataset ESRI: Save to New or the Warp geoprocessing tool will create a new raster dataset that is georeferenced using the map coordinates and the spatial reference.

The Georeferencing toolbar is used to georeference raster georefeernce CAD data. The inverse residual shows you the error in the pixels units. Zoom to the reference layer, and add the second control point in the same geographical location.

Click, from the Georeferencing toolbar, the Layer dropdown arrow and click the raster layer to be georeferenced. The Zoom To Selected Link tool can zoom in on the highlighted link.

With a minimum of three control points, the mathematical equation used with a first-order transformation can exactly map each raster point to the target location. Use the Georeference tab to create control points, to connect your raster to known positions in the map Review the control points and the errors Save the georeferencing result, when you are satisfied with the alignment.

How To: Georeference an image to align with other data

The control points are used in conjunction with the transformation to shift and warp the raster dataset from its existing location to the spatially correct location. Go forward through the sequence of extents that you have been viewing in the Image Viewer window when linked to the main data view. A zero-order polynomial is used to shift your data. Projective requires a minimum of four control points.

Then that point is used with the inverse transformation and mapped back to image space. You need a minimum of 1 link for zero-order polynomial, 3 links for a first-order polynomial or adjust transformation, 4 links for a projective transformation, 6 links for a second-order polynomial, and 10 links for a third-order polynomial or spline transformation.


Zoom in by clicking once or dragging a box in the Image Viewer window. Creates a new transformed raster dataset. The toolbar has a drop-down list of tools for controlling the georeferencing process. Opens the Symbol Selector window to allow you to choose any point symbol as your to-point. Check this box to show the residuals and RMS error in the link table.

Georeferencing toolbar tools—Help | ArcGIS for Desktop

The connection between one control point on the raster dataset the from point and the corresponding control point on the aligned target data the to point is a control point pair.

Redraw the current extent of the Image Viewer window. When Autocomplete finds a more suitable link pair, it may adjust the georeerence that you specified.

Toggle the visibility of georeferencing layer on and off. However, transformations higher than third order are rarely needed. It is very useful when you are trying to georeference one raster dataset to another by allowing you to see both the source raster and the referenced layers at the same time. If you want to zoom in further, you can click this tool multiple times.

Georeferende link while creating a link. A minimum of four links are required to perform a projective transformation. Please rate your online support experience with Esri’s Support website. How can we improve?

Transforming the raster When you’ve created enough control points, you can transform the raster dataset to the map coordinates of the target data.