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Using an in vitro thrombolytic model, Tinospora cordifolia, Rubia cordifolia, Hemidesmus indicus, Glycyrrhiza glabra Linn, Fagonia Arabica and. Fagonia arabica L., belonging to the family Zygophyallaceae, commonly known as Dhamaso in Gujarati, Ustarkar in Hindi, Dhanvyas in. Fagonia Arabica is one such herb, that has multiple benefits and has its roots strongly fixed in history. This herb was discovered long back and has been used .

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KhattakNabeela G. Dar and Jehan Bakht. Abstract The research work was conducted to study the proximate and mineral concentration of Fagonia arabica. Results revealed that leaves and seeds have maximum moisture content Ash and protein fagnia.

Effect of Fagonia Arabica (Dhamasa) on in vitro thrombolysis

When concentration of different minerals was taken into an account, it was revealed that Zn Plants and herbs have provided natural remedies for human aliments from time immortal. As knowledge progressed, man selected different herbs for the cure of different diseases and aliments. Following the advent of modern medicine, herbal medicine suffered a setback, however, advances in phytochemistry and identification of plant compounds, which are effective in curing certain diseases have renewed the interest in herbal medicines.

Most of the plants, which are used for various aliments, have not been properly investigated. Fagoina arabia is amongst the widely used medicinal plant s in Pakistan.

Fagoina arabica belongs to the family Zygophyllaceae Hooker, It is the chief and popular fever remedial source of people in the hilly areas. Its infusion is effective in sore mouth and for cooling mouth in stomatitis and also purifies the blood and acts as a deobstruent Said, People of NWFP specially fagoni it for skin diseases, small pox and arabiac endothermic reaction in the body Watt, The twigs of the plant are used as remedy to snakebite and also applied externally as paste on araboca and for the swellings of neck Rizvi et al.

The chemical analysis included crude proteincrude fat, crude fiber, ash, moisture content and vitamin C Ascorbic acid of the whole plant and different parts were performed in accordance with AOACvitamin C was determined titrimetricaly while Na, K, Ca, Zn, Cu, Mn, Fe and P was determined by Flame Photometer, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer and Spectrophotometer respectively.

Fagonia arabica known to be beneficial in the treatment of a number of diseases have been investigated for chemical and mineral constituents of possible pharmological interest.

Analysis of the data Table 1 revealed that maximum The minimum moisture content was observed in root The possible reason for more moisture content in the leaves and seed could be that, this plant grows in the rocky and desert areas and thus the plant store moisture to avoid desiccation.

These results are contrary to those represented by El-Habibi et al. Mean values of the data indicated that leaves and seeds contained maximum 7. It is also clear from the data that minimum 1. This could be probably due to more photosynthetic activities of the leaves, which might have resulted in maximum ash content. Similar results are also reported by El-Habibi et al. Mean values of the data Table 1 regarding crude fiber content revealed that maximum The possible reason could be that the main function of root is to anchor the plant in the soil firmly, for which it needs more fiber for strength.


Thus it can be concluded from these results that root contained more fibers compared to other plant parts. Mean values of the data Table 1 revealed that leaves and seeds collectively contained higher 1. These results are contrary to those reported by El-Habibi et al. Likewise data regarding nitrogen free extract NFE showed that highest The possible reason for high contents of protein and NFE in the leaves could be due to more photosynthetic activities of the leaves, which might have resulted in maximum protein and NFE synthesis.

Data Table 1 also revealed that vitamin C ascorbic acid content was 8. These results agree with those reported by Nag et al.

A number of macro element and micro element are constituents of enzymes and they act as enzyme activators Simon et al. Root of Aarbica arabica contained A comparative decrease was observed in Zn content from root to leaves and seeds.

Fagònia – Viquipèdia, l’enciclopèdia lliure

It has been reported that Zn plays an important role as an antioxidant in animal Bray and Betterger, as well as in plant membrane Cakmak and Marschner, in controlling the level of oxygen radicals. The results are in agreement with those reported by Saeed In case of Mn, it was observed that maximum amount was obtained from leaves and seeds In case of iron Femaximum amount was found in leaves Minimum amount of copper Cu was investigated in root Mean values of the data Table 2 revealed that all heavy metals Zn, Cu, Mn were found in small amount ranging from The possible reason for low concentration of heavy metal could be due to the fact that this herb is found mostly in desert and dry calcareous rocks where industrial pollutions are near to negligible, which might have resulted in least amount of heavy metal.

Whereas the macro-elements P, K, Na, Ca were found to maximum. Phosphorus is mainly involved in the process of energy transfer and it is the inorganic phosphate that appears as an intermediate product during photosynthesis and respiration pathways of metabolism.

Phosphorus contents were found to be in maximum amount in leaves and seed Potassium contents of shoots showed maximum amount in comparison to that of leaves and seeds collectively and root.

In shoots the investigated value for K was confirmed as Root contained the maximum content of sodium While minimum Na was found in leaves and seeds collectively Leaves and seeds collectively had maximum calcium Only small fraction of the Ca, Mg, and P and most of the Na, K, and Cl are present as electrolytes in the body fluids and soft tissues. Electrolytes present in blood or cerebrospinal fluid maintain acid -base and water balance, and osmotic pressure.

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They regulate membrane permeability and exert characteristic effects on the excitability of muscles and nerves Nielsen, ; Bukhari et al. Though F agonia arabica cannot be considered as a sole source of macro or micro elements, but can be considered as potential source for providing a reasonable amount of the elements other than diets.

Fagonia arabica contains a fair amount of potassium Potassium deficiencies are arsbica commonly seen as a result of several dehydration, diarrhea, burns or other fluid losses and as a result of surgery Witney, This could be probably due to fair amount of these minerals in said arabiac, is mostly used in disease like diarrhea, stomatitis and deobstruent Dey faginia al.

Whereas Cu, Zn, Mn and Fe are considered as trace elements due to their relatively minute quantity that is essential to the body. Copper is important for red blood cell formation, mitochondria function and a component of ribonucleic acid, whereas Zn, Mn and Fe are necessary for the development of bones and connected tissues Nielsen, In conclusion since Fagonia arabica contains a fair amount of Na, K, Ca, Mn, P, Zn, Cu and Fe so the usage of Fagonia arabica other than diet is beneficial for the treatment of urinary discharge, typhoid, diarrhea and reducing tumors.

Official Methods of Analysis.

Pharmaconostic studies of selected indigenous plants of Pakistan. Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar, pp: The physiological role of zinc as an antioxidant. The role of trace elements in health and disease.

Increase in membrane permeability and exudation in roots of zinc deficient plants. Indian Medicinal Plants used is Ayurvedic Preparation. Phytochemical studies on some Fagonia species growing under desert conditions.

Higher plants-the sleeping giant of drug development. Supporting Public Health, Trace elements in indigenous medicinal plants Rhazya strictaVinca rosea and Fagonia cretica. Flora of British India. Free endogenous ascorbic acid from zygophyllaceae plants growing in arid zone of rajastan.

Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition. Wild medicinal plants of madinatul hikmah and its adjacent areas. Hamdard Pharmacopoeia of Eastern Medicine. Hamdard Academy, Karachi, Pakistan. Lowsons Text Book of Botany.

dagonia Dictionary of the Economic Products of India. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences Volume 1 6: How to cite this article: Dar and Jehan Bakht Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 1: Introduction Plants and arsbica have provided natural remedies for human aliments from time immortal. Results and Discussion Fagonia arabica known to be beneficial in the treatment of a number of diseases have been investigated for chemical and mineral constituents of possible pharmological interest.