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Psychology From an Empirical Standpoint · Franz Brentano. Routledge () Brentano and Wundt: Empirical and Experimental Bradford. Franz Brentano (). Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint. I. The Concept and Purpose of Psychology. Source: Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint. This standpoint is clearly mirrored in his empirical approach to psychology. It is noteworthy.

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He often refused to discuss criticism, ignored improvements, and thus became more and more isolated, a development that was reinforced by his increasing blindness. In respect to belief, we would inquire what we believe directly; according to what laws one belief produces another; and what are the laws in virtue of which one thing is taken, rightly or erroneously, as evidence for another thing. In a judgment we accept or deny the existence of the presented object.

They were not, and could not have been what a trained and discerning physician must be.

Franz Brentano, Psychology From an Empirical Standpoint – PhilPapers

In contrast to that which really and truly exists, they are mere phenomena. The alchemists’ striving to produce gold from mixtures of elements first instigated chemical research, but the mature science of chemistry abandoned such ambitions as impossible. The various aporiai which are linked with these questions show that we empigical hit upon the point which aroused this great thinker’s thirst for knowledge most of all.

Yet the psychophysicist, too, will have to investigate the first physical effects of mental causes.

Psychology from An Empirical Standpoint

In both cases, however, we are dealing with relationships that are subject to similar laws. Along with aesthetics and logic, ethics and politics also stem from the empirica of psychology.

Weber for paving the way for this law, and a philosophically trained physicist such as Fechner for establishing it in a more extended sphere.


As we have noted, psychology has already made attempts to solve this problem, and frnaz does not seem that all its efforts in that direction have been without success. For this empirifal be the position of psychology once it reaches maturity and is capable of effective action. Alas, due to the political turbulences that were to came over central Europe the project was doomed to fail.

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Franz Brentano

He experienced warmth in one hand and cold in the other, and thus proved that neither warmth nor cold really existed in the water. This implies that the most important fruits which psychology may bear for practical life, lie in the future. His Phaedo is devoted to it, and other dialogues such as the PhaednusTimaeas and the Republic come back to the question time and again.

Next to the real, physical object, which is perceived, remembered, thought of, etc. It would appear to be just as inadmissible, however, to accept this view without a thorough metaphysical investigation, as it is to reject it without a test. University of California Press, Many of his students became professors all over the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Marty and Ehrenfels in Prague, Meinong in Graz, and Twardowski in Lvov now Lvivand so spread Brentanianism over the whole Austro-Hungarian Empire, which explains the central role of Brentano in the philosophical development in central Europe, especially in what was later called the Austrian Tradition in philosophy.

And obviously this holds true not merely for the commonly recognised tendency of the deaf toward mistrustfulness, of the congenitally blind toward lustfulness, of the physically handicapped toward irritability, but also for many other, less easily intelligible phenomena. Logic, Ethics, Aesthetics, and Historiography 7. At the same time, and in quite an analogous manner, the concept of life was also narrowed, or, if not this concept – for scientists still ordinarily use this term in its broad original sense – at least the concept of the soul.


Psychology from An Empirical Standpoint : Franz Brentano :

According to Brentano, psychology wn a central role in the sciences; he considers especially logics, ethics, and aesthetics as practical disciplines that depend on psychology as their theoretical foundation. And they use the expression “mental phenomena” or “mental appearances” as completely synonymous with “mental states”, “mental processes,” and “mental events,” as inner perception reveals them to us. We find physical and mental properties united in one and the same group. Nevertheless, he candidly acknowledges his belief in immortality.

Their work was continued by other, more careful editors, but has by far not yet been completed: Other interprets have taken more cautious lines. Lotze agrees with Aristotle and Leibniz on this point, as does Herbert Spencer, among contemporary English empiricists. In he published Untersuchungen zur Sinnespsychologiea collection of shorter texts on psychology.

These facts prove beyond doubt that the objects of psychilogy experience are deceptive. This was possible only by temporarily giving up the Austrian citizenship and, in consequence, the job as full professor at the University.

Its main content is the normal content commonly attributed to mental representations.

Internationales Jahrbuch der Franz Brentano Forschung. On the Unity of Consciousness 5. In his work on Standdpoint, however, he has developed with utmost clarity the very idea that we have just formulated.

The words “phenomenon” or “appearance” are often used in opposition to “things which really and truly exist. London and New York: